The Importance of Secure ERC20 Tokens: Ensuring Trust in the World of Decentralized Finance
As the world increasingly embraces blockchain technology, the use of ERC20
has become more prevalent. These tokens enable seamless transactions between
users and simplify the development of decentralized applications. However, their widespread adoption has brought to light the importance of ensuring their
security, as they can be prone to vulnerabilities and attacks. In this article, we will explore the importance of ERC20 tokens, the need for security audits,
the properties that should be satisfied, and the role of Truscova
in ensuring their security.
Importance of ERC20 Tokens
tokens are smart contracts that run on the Ethereum blockchain.
They provide a standardized set of rules that enable the creation and transfer of tokens within the Ethereum network. This standardization has led to the creation of
countless tokens that have various use cases, such as payment for goods and services, utility tokens for dApps, and even digital assets.
The Need for Security Audits
While ERC20 tokens have revolutionized the way we interact with digital assets, their widespread adoption has also brought new security concerns. Smart contracts can be
vulnerable to coding errors and security flaws, which can lead to the loss of funds or manipulation of token supply. Therefore, it is important to conduct
to identify and address any potential vulnerabilities before they can be exploited.
Properties that Should be Satisfied
For an ERC20 token to be considered secure, it must satisfy a set of basic properties outlined by the ERC20
standard. These include constant total supply, correct user balances, the ability to set allowances, the prevention of transfers to the zero address, and the ability to burn tokens.
The fulfillment of these properties ensures the token's security and functionality. Following is a list of properties which should be checked.
|1||Constant supply||The total supply of the token should be constant for non-mintable and non-burnable tokens. This means that once the token has been deployed, the total number of tokens in circulation cannot be changed.|
|2||User balance not higher than supply||No user balance should be greater than the token's total supply. This ensures that the token is not over-issued or over-distributed.|
|3||Users balances not higher than supply||The sum of users' balances should not be greater than the token's total supply. This ensures that the total supply of the token is not exceeded.|
|4||Zero address balance||Token balance for address zero should be zero. This ensures that there is no possibility of funds being sent to an invalid or non-existent address.|
|5||Transfers to zero address not allowed||Transfers to the zero address should not be allowed. This prevents accidental or malicious transfer of tokens to an invalid or non-existent address.|
|6||Transfers from zero address not allowed||TransferFroms to the zero address should not be allowed. This prevents accidental or malicious transfer of tokens from an invalid or non-existent address.|
|7||Self-transfers||Self-transfers should not break accounting. This ensures that there is no possibility of tokens being lost or created by self-transfers.|
|8||Self-transferFroms||Self-transferFroms should not break accounting. This ensures that there is no possibility of tokens being lost or created by self-transferFroms.|
|9||Transfers for more than account balance not allowed||Transfers for more than the account balance should not be allowed. This ensures that the token is not overdrawn.|
|10||TransferFroms for more than account balance not allowed||TransferFroms for more than the account balance should not be allowed. This ensures that the token is not overdrawn.|
|11||Transfers for zero amount not allowed||Transfers for zero amount should not break accounting. This ensures that there is no possibility of tokens being lost or created by transfers for zero amounts.|
|12||TransferFroms for zero amount not allowed||TransferFroms for zero amount should not break accounting. This ensures that there is no possibility of tokens being lost or created by transferFroms for zero amounts.|
|13||Valid transfers should update accounting correctly||Valid transfers should update accounting correctly. This ensures that the token supply is properly accounted for.|
|14||Valid transferFroms should update accounting correctly||Valid transferFroms should update accounting correctly. This ensures that the token supply is properly accounted for.|
|15||Allowances should be set correctly when approve is called||Allowances should be set correctly when approve is called. This ensures that token holders can grant permission for other parties to transfer their tokens.|
|16||Allowances should be updated correctly when approve is called twice||Allowances should be updated correctly when approve is called twice. This ensures that token holders can modify previously granted permissions.|
In addition to the above basic properties, ERC20 tokens can also include additional features and functionalities, such as minting and burning of tokens, token freezing, and others. These features
can be useful for specific use cases and can be implemented through smart contract programming.
These properties are essential for ensuring the security and reliability of ERC20 tokens. Any ERC20 token that does not satisfy these properties may be vulnerable to various attacks, such as
double-spending or over-issuing. That's why it's important for ERC20 token developers to conduct thorough security audits and testing before deploying their tokens. And that's where Truscova can
help. Our team of experienced auditors and security experts
can help ensure that your ERC20 token is secure and reliable, so that you can launch with confidence.
The Role of Truscova
Truscova is a leading provider of security audit services for ERC20 tokens, DeFi protocols, DAOs, NFT Marketplaces, NFTs, and more. Our team of experienced auditors uses advanced tools
and techniques to identify any potential vulnerabilities in smart contracts. We conduct thorough reviews of the codebase, analyze the token's functionality, and provide detailed reports outlining any
potential security risks. Our goal is to ensure that our clients' smart contracts are secure and functional, enabling them to conduct their business with confidence.
In conclusion, ERC20 has become the standard for creating new tokens on the Ethereum network, and its popularity is likely to continue to grow in the future. However, the
security risks associated with ERC20 tokens are also increasing, making it crucial to conduct a security audit to ensure their safety and protect investors' and users' interests.
At Truscova, we understand the importance of ERC20 security and offer comprehensive security audit services to help our clients mitigate risks and improve the overall security of their
ERC20 tokens. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help secure your ERC20 token.
Truscova comes with 30+ years of academic research and hundreds of academic publications which pioneered the area of Formal Verification.
The team combines academic leadership, industrial strength and Blockchain expertise. Truscova currently analyzes Solidity code combining Formal
Verification techniques: abstract interpretation, constraint solving, theorem proving, and equivalence checking.